IELTS Writing Task 2 là phần thi thứ hai của bài thI IELTS WRITING học thuật (IELTS Academic Writing Test). Đối với Task 2, bạn cần viết một bài luận có độ dài ít nhất là 250 từ trong vòng 40 phút. Điểm thi của phần thi task 2 sẽ chiếm 2/3 tổng số điểm của phần thi Writing.

Với dạng bài Agree or Disagree, bạn cần phải nói rõ ý kiến của mình là Đồng ý hay Không đồng ý hay là nửa Đồng ý và nửa Không đồng ý. Hãy cùng IELTS 24h khám phá cấu trúc của 1 bài thi IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Agree or Disagree và bài viết mẫu của thầy Simon nhé 

1. Cấu trúc và cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2

1.1. IELTS Writing Task 2 của hình thức Academic và  General Training khác nhau như thế nào? 

Điểm giống nhau về phần thi Writing task 2 của hình thức Academic và General Training đó chính là viết một bài tiểu luận, bao gồm các dạng bài như: Opinion, Discussion, Advantage/ Disadvantage, Direct Question, Solutions.  Còn điểm khá biệt duy nhất là câu hỏi cho phần General Training thường dễ hơn và các chủ đề thường đơn giản hơn.

1.2. Tiêu chí chấm điểm IELTS Writing Task 2

- Task Response (25%): khả năng trả lời vấn đề bài thi đưa ra

- Conhenrence & Conhesion (25%): tính gắn kết và liền mạch của các câu và đoạn văn

- Vocabulary (25%): vốn từ vựng được sử dụng trong bài

- Grammar (25%): biết và sử dụng chính xác các cấu trúc ngữ pháp

1.3. Cách viết cân bằng quan điểm

+ Phần Introduction: 

- General statement (paraphrase lại đề bài)

- Thesis statement: trả lời câu hỏi của đề bài - nêu rõ quan điểm cá nhân là có điểm mình đồng ý nhưng cũng có điểm không đồng ý. Các cấu trúc câu phổ biến nhất để thể hiện ý này là:

+ Phần Body:

Paragraph 1: Dùng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích lý do khiến mình agree.

- Câu topic sentence 1: On the one hand, I would agree that ....

- Nói về ưu điểm 1: In other words,... (diễn giải cách khác)

- Nói về ưu điểm 2: For example,.../ for instance,... (đưa ra ví dụ)

- Nói về ưu điểm 3: If ... (đưa ra viễn cảnh nếu không thì sẽ thế nào) 

Paragraph 2: Dùng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích lý do khiến mình disagree, hoặc những khía cạnh khác mà mình nghĩ cũng quan trọng.

- Câu topic sentence 2: On the other hand/ Nevertheless, I also think that ....

- Nói về khuyết điểm 1: First,....... It means that ......

- Nói về khuyết điểm 2: Second,..... In particular, ......

- Nói về khuyết điểm 3: Finally,....... For example,...

+ Conclusion:

In conclusion, while ...., I (do not) believe that ... 

2. Bài mẫu IELTS Simon Writing Task 2: Agree or Disagree

2.1 Topic 1: When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Many people choose their jobs based on the size of the salary offered. While I agree that money is a critical factor when deciding on a career, I believe that other factors are equally important.

On the one hand, I agree that money is necessary in order for people to meet their basic needs. For example, we all need money to pay for housing, food, bills, health care, and education. Most people consider it a priority to at least earn a salary that allows them to cover these needs and have a reasonable quality of life. If people chose their jobs based on enjoyment or other non-financial factors, they might find it difficult to support themselves. Artists and musicians, for instance, are known for choosing a career path that they love, but that does not always provide them with enough money to live comfortably and raise a family.

Nevertheless, I believe that other considerations are just as important as what we earn in our jobs. Firstly, personal relationships and the atmosphere in a workplace are extremely important when choosing a job. Having a good manager or friendly colleagues, for example, can make a huge difference to workers’ levels of happiness and general quality of life. Secondly, many people’s feelings of job satisfaction come from their professional achievements, the skills they learn, and the position they reach, rather than the money they earn. Finally, some people choose a career because they want to help others and contribute something positive to society.

In conclusion, while salaries certainly affect people’s choice of profession, I do not believe that money outweighs all other motivators.

2.2. Topic 2: Families who send their children to private schools should not be required to pay taxes that support the state education system. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Some people believe that parents of children who attend private schools should not need to contribute to state schools through taxes. Personally, I completely disagree with this view.

For a variety of reasons, it would be wrong to reduce taxes for families who pay for private education. Firstly, it would be difficult to calculate the correct amount of tax reduction for these families, and staff would be required to manage this complex process. Secondly, we all pay a certain amount of tax for public services that we may not use. For example, most people are fortunate enough not to have to call the police or fire brigade at any time in their lives, but they would not expect a tax reduction for this. Finally, if wealthy families were given a tax discount for sending their children to private schools, we might have a situation where poorer people pay higher taxes than the rich.

In my opinion, we should all be happy to pay our share of the money that supports public schools. It is beneficial for all members of society to have a high quality education system with equal opportunities for all young people. This will result in a well-educated workforce, and in turn a more productive and prosperous nation. Parents of children in private schools may also see the advantages of this in their own lives. For example, a company owner will need well qualified and competent staff, and a well-funded education system can provide such employees.

In conclusion, I do not believe that any financial concessions should be made for people who choose private education.

2.3. Topic 3: Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 

In my opinion, men and women should have the same educational opportunities. However, I do not agree with the idea of accepting equal proportions of each gender in every university subject.

Having the same number of men and women on all degree courses is simply unrealistic. Student numbers on any course depend on the applications that the institution receives. If a university decided to fill courses with equal numbers of males and females, it would need enough applicants of each gender. In reality, many courses are more popular with one gender than the other, and it would not be practical to aim for equal proportions. For example, nursing courses tend to attract more female applicants, and it would be difficult to fill these courses if fifty per cent of the places needed to go to males.

Apart from the practical concerns expressed above, I also believe that it would be unfair to base admission to university courses on gender. Universities should continue to select the best candidates for each course according to their qualifications. In this way, both men and women have the same opportunities, and applicants know that they will be successful if they work hard to achieve good grades at school. If a female student is the best candidate for a place on a course, it would be wrong to reject her in favour of a male student with lower grades or fewer qualifications.

In conclusion, the selection of university students should be based on merit, and I believe that it would be both impractical and unfair to change to a selection procedure based on gender.

Bài viết trên hy vọng cung cấp đầy đủ thông tin cho bạn về Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2  và một sô bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 Agree or Disagree cực hay từ thầy Simon!