Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2: Discussion

Tham khảo cách viết Writing Task 2 dạng Discussioncủa IELTS 24h. Từ vựng và bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 Discussion.
Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2: Discussion

1. Dạng Discussion là gì?

Dạng Discussion là loại bài luôn luôn đưa ra 2 quan điểm trái chiều nhau về 1 vấn đề và yêu cầu người viết phải bàn luận về 2 quan điểm đó và đưa ra ý kiến cá nhân của mình.

Dấu hiệu nhận biết của dạng bài này cực kỳ dễ nhận ra với câu quen thuộc: "Discuss both views and give your own opinion".

2. Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Discussion

Introduction

+ Bố cục của một phần Mở bài sẽ bao gồm:

- Câu số 1: Nói về topic (paraphrase lại câu của đề bài)

- Câu số 2: Giới thiệu rằng view 1 đúng, view 2 cũng có ý đúng

+ Chúng ta có những cách để mở đầu như sau:

- Some/many/most people | think/consider that…

- It is widely believed that…

- It is possible/probable that…

- It can be argued that…

- It has been suggested that…

- Opponents of … think/believe/claim that…

+ Các cấu trúc có thể áp dụng trong phần Mở bài

Strong opinions

Weak opinions

Other opinions language

I’m a firm believer in…
In my honest opinion,…
I strongly believe…
I really think…
To be frank,…
Frankly,…
I’m convinced that…
I’m absolutely certain that…
I’m positive that…
Without a doubt,…
 

With some reservations, I’d
say that…
There is a lot to be said for
both, but if I was asked I’d
say…
I would imagine that…
I would guess that…
As far as I know,…

It is my view that…
If you ask me,…
Although I can see the other
side of the argument,…
If you want my opinion, I’d
say that…
If you ask me,…
The way I see it,…
I would say that…
As far as I’m concerned,…
I am of the opinion that…

Your experience

Others opinions and experience

In my (personal) experience,…
From personal experience, I would say…
I have (generally) found that…
Experience has shown me that…
 

It is commonly thought that…
It is widely believed that…
There is a common opinion that…
Many people say that…
The majority of people (who I know) (seem
to) think that…
I have heard that…

Advantages

Disadvantages

Switching to talking about the other

The main advantage…
One thing to be said for…
One thing in favour of…
is…

The most negative thing
about… is…
Points against include…
One of many
disadvantages is…

On the other hand,…
Looking at the other side of
the argument,…
Switching from the pros to
the cons,…


Body

+ Paragraph 1: Dùng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích cho quan điểm ít hiển nhiên hơn.

- Câu topic sentence 1: It is certainly true that ..... 

- Supporting sentences: dùng các linking words, giải thích ra.

+ Paragraph 2: Dùng cấu trúc song hành/ diễn dịch để giải thích cho quan điểm còn lại.

- Câu topic sentence 2: However, there are other benefits ...... 

- Supporting sentences: dùng các linking words, giải thích ra.

Conclusion

In conclusion, I believe that in addition to ......, there are ......

Lưu ý: những cụm từ thể hiện quan điểm cá nhân sẽ được đặt ở phần Introduction và Conclusion, còn 2 Body Paragraph thì không cần mà nên dùng ngôn ngữ trung lập để thể hiện tính công bằng, khách quan.

3. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Discussion

Đề bài

Some people believe that studying at university or college is the best route to a successful career, while others believe that it is better to get a job straight after school.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Introduction

When they finish school, teenagers face the dilemma of whether to get a job or continue their education. While there are some benefits to getting a job straight after school, I would argue that it is better to go to college or university.

Body

The option to start work straight after school is attractive for several reasons. Many young people want to start earning money as soon as possible. In this way, they can become independent, and they will be able to afford their own house or start a family. In terms of their career, young people who decide to find work, rather than continue their studies, may progress more quickly. They will have the chance to gain real experience and learn practical skills related to their chosen profession. This may lead to promotions and a successful career.

On the other hand, I believe that it is more beneficial for students to continue their studies. Firstly, academic qualifications are required in many professions. For example, it is impossible to become a doctor, teacher or lawyer without having the relevant degree. As a result, university graduates have access to more and better job opportunities, and they tend to earn higher salaries than those with fewer qualifications. Secondly, the job market is becoming increasingly competitive, and sometimes there are hundreds of applicants for one position in a company. Young people who do not have qualifications from a university or college will not be able to compete.

Conclusion

For the reasons mentioned above, it seems to me that students are more likely to be successful in their careers if they continue their studies beyond school level.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!

Nguyệt Anh

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