Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2: Opinion

Tham khảo cách viết Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion của IELTS 24h. Từ vựng và bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 Opinion.
Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2: Opinion

1. Dạng Opinion là gì?

Opinion Essay là dạng bài yêu cầu người viết trình bày quan điểm cá nhân về một vấn đề cụ thể và lập luận để bảo vệ quan điểm đó. 

Cách nhận biết: dạng đề Opinion Essay thường có chứa những cụm từ như sau:

- Do you agree or disagree ...?:

- To what extent...?

- Do you think...?/ What do you think...?

- Which is better...?/ Is it more important...?/ Should/ Do/ Is ?

2. Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion

Introduction

+ Paraphrase đề bài để được câu mở bài đầy đủ và chính xác. Ví dụ:

It is suggested by some people that a small company should not hire young women who have yet to have babies so as not to pay for their maternity leave in the future. From my point of view, I totally disagree with this statement for several reasons.

+ Câu thứ hai được gọi là thesis statement – là câu luận đề, mục đích là để khẳng định quan điểm cá nhân. Bạn cần ghi nhớ rằng không có nhận định nào là đúng hay sai, chỉ cần giữ vững lập trường đã chọn và sử dụng lập luận chặt chẽ để bảo vệ nhận định của mình.

+ Một trong những cụm có thể sử dụng để trình bày quan điểm cá nhân như:

- I think/believe/would argue that …

- In my opinion, …

- From my point of view/perspective,…

Body

Body là phần bạn cần phải nêu được lí do ở mỗi đoạn để bảo vệ nhận định đã nêu ở phần Mở bài. 

Ví dụ:

Body 1 – No need to pay much money

- Main idea 1 – Young people who usually lack working experience → rarely ask for a high salary.

- Main idea 2 – This is suitable for small companies’ policies (do not have much money)

Give an example to support the main idea

Body 2 – Loyalty (sự trung thành)

- Main idea 1 –  Have children → need a stable job → no chance of quitting.

- Main idea 2 –  Companies help them go through tough times → be more loyal. Maternity leave should be considered as an investment, not a cost.

Give an example to support the main idea

Conclusion

Ở đoạn kết, ta chỉ cần tóm lại ý chính của đề bài và vẫn sử dụng kỹ năng Paraphrasing để tránh lặp từ.

Ví dụ:

In conclusion, I firmly believe that small businesses should not reject female candidates because it can benefit in many ways by hiring those people.

3. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 dạng Opinion

Đề bài

Space exploration is much too expensive and the money should be spent on more important things. What is your opinion?

Introduction

There is an argument that exploring space is a waste of money and that there are more urgent needs to be addressed on earth, such as reducing poverty and preventing environmental destruction. However, I completely disagree with this opinion for two reasons.

Body

First of all, many of the technologies we take for granted today were originated thanks to space research. Take satellite technology, for example, which we depend on for broadcasting and weather forecasting. Without satellites, we would not be able to follow global events as they happen, nor give populations any warning of approaching storms. Space research has also led to the development of new lightweight materials that offer us heat protection and enable food preservation. Therefore, the challenge of sending human beings into space has often driven the development of new technologies that benefit our everyday lives.

Second, we cannot foresee the distant future, so we ought to develop the capability to escape from the earth. Gradually, we are learning how humans can survive for long periods in space and even travel to other planets in the future. If space exploration is halted, this valuable knowledge will never be acquired. It is true that environmental destruction is also a serious issue, but it is also true that we remain dependent on our environment if we never accept the challenge of exploring other worlds.

Conclusion

In conclusion, while we undoubtedly face serious problems on our own planet, it is imperative that we continue to explore space. This will promote further technological advances as well as provide a possible means of escape should earth become uninhabitable in future. Ideally, all nations should cooperate in the advancement of space research.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!

Nguyệt Anh

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