1. Cấu trúc và cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 Advantages and Disandvantages

1.1. IELTS Writing Task 2 của hình thức Academic và  General Training khác nhau như thế nào? 

IELTS Writing Task 2 là phần thi thứ hai của bài thI IELTS WRITING học thuật (IELTS Academic Writing Test). Đối với Task 2, bạn cần viết một bài luận có độ dài ít nhất là 250 từ trong vòng 40 phút. Điểm thi của phần thi task 2 sẽ chiếm 2/3 tổng số điểm của phần thi Writing.

Điểm giống nhau về phần thi Writing task 2 của hình thức Academic và General Training đó chính là viết một bài tiểu luận, bao gồm các dạng bài như: Opinion, Discussion, Advantage/ Disadvantage, Direct Question, Solutions.  Còn điểm khá biệt duy nhất là câu hỏi cho phần General Training thường dễ hơn và các chủ đề thường đơn giản hơn.

1.2. Tiêu chí chấm điểm IELTS Writing Task 2 Advantages and Disandvantages

- Task Response (25%): khả năng trả lời vấn đề bài thi đưa ra

- Conhenrence & Conhesion (25%): tính gắn kết và liền mạch của các câu và đoạn văn

- Vocabulary (25%): vốn từ vựng được sử dụng trong bài

- Grammar (25%): biết và sử dụng chính xác các cấu trúc ngữ pháp

1.3. Các bước viết bài thi IELTS Writing Task 2 Advantages and Disandvantages

a. Đối với phần Introduction:

- General statement: Bạn có thể sử dụng một vài cụm từ và cấu trúc như sau


It is increasingly clear that .....

There is an irrefutable fact that…..

- Thesis statement

It is also believed that ...... has its/ their own advantages and disadvantages

b. Đối với phần Body:

- Ở đoạn Paragraph 1: Viết về mặt tốt của vấn đề như sau: 

It can be said that ..... has some noteworthy positive effects.

+ Nói về ưu điểm 1: The main/most important advantage/benefit of .... is that ....

+ Nói về ưu điểm 2:  One/Another/An additional advantage of .... would be .... 

- Ở đoạn Paragraph 2: Viết về mặt xấu của vấn đề như sau

Despite these aforementioned benefits, several drawbacks do exist. OR However, .... is not completely benefit, there are several negative aspects that should be taken into consideration.

+ Nói về khuyết điểm 1: The main/most/serious disadvantage of ... is ...

+ Nói về khuyết điểm 2:  One/An additional disadvantage of .... would be ....

c. Đối với phần Conclusion:

Để đáp ứng đầy đủ tiêu chỉ chấm điểm, bạn có thể sử dụng một vài cấu trúc và mẫu câu mẫu như sau: 

- In conclusion, it is worth considering that there are both advantage and disadvantage of ...

- The benefits are .... while the obstacles are ....

2. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 Advantages and Disandvantages

2.1. Đề bài 1: Computers are being used more and more in education. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

It is argued that technology is playing an every increasing role in schools and universities. This essay will firstly, discuss student freedom as one of the main advantages of this and secondly, outline decreasing levels of face to face contact as one of the main disadvantages, followed by a reasoned conclusion.

One of the principle advantages of an increase in the use electronic devices in education is the autonomy it provides students. Students have the freedom to focus on whatever topic or subject they want and study it in depth through the internet. A prime example of this is the amount of online university courses available to students, covering a myriad of subjects, that up until recently were unavailable to most learners. This has resulted in more people studying third level degrees than ever before, at a pace and schedule that suits them.

The main disadvantage associated with increasing use of technology in education is the decrease in face to face interaction between students. Students spend more time looking at computer screens by themselves than interacting with each other. For instance, the recent explosion in smart phone use has been at the expense of genuine human interaction. This results in soft skills, such as verbal communication and empathy, being effected.

In conclusion, the benefits technology brings to education, such as student autonomy, must be weighed against the drawbacks, such as negative effects on human interaction. Overall, the educational benefits outweigh the disadvantages because human beings will always want human contact and most people will not solely use IT for education.

2.2. Đề bài 2: In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this.

It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school. This trend is not restricted to rich students who have the money to travel but is also evident among poorer students who choose to work and become economically independent for a period of time.

The reasons for this trend may involve the recognition that a young adult who passes directly from school to university is rather restricted in terms of general knowledge and experience of the world. By contrast, those who have spent some time earning a living or travelling to other places have a broader view of life and better personal resources to draw on. They tend to be more independent, which is a very important factor in academic study and research, as well as giving them an advantage in terms of coping with the challenges of student life.

However, there are certainly dangers in taking time off at that important age. Young adults may end up never returning to their studies or finding it difficult to re-adapt to an academic environment. They may think that it is better to continue in a particular job or to do something completely different from a university course. But overall, I think this is less likely today when academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.

My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons. That is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of what they are hoping to do with their lives and why. Students with such a perspective are usually the most effective and motivated ones and taking a year off may be the best way to gain this.

Chúc các bạn ôn thi hiệu quả và thành công trong kỳ thi IELTS sắp tới!