1. Cấu trúc và cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 band 6

1.1. IELTS Writing Task 2 là gì? 

Đây là phần thi thứ hai của bài thI IELTS WRITING học thuật (IELTS Academic Writing Test). Đối với Task 2, bạn cần viết một bài luận có độ dài ít nhất là 250 từ trong vòng 40 phút. Điểm thi của phần thi task 2 sẽ chiếm 2/3 tổng số điểm của phần thi Writing. Về chủ đề cũng như các câu hỏi liên quan thường cập nhật và xoay quanh đến những chủ đề quen thuộc hàng ngày mà mọi người trên thế giới quan tâm. 

1.2. IELTS Writing Task 2 của hình thức Academic và  General Training khác nhau như thế nào? 

Điểm giống nhau về phần thi Writing task 2 của hình thức Academic và General Training đó chính là viết một bài tiểu luận, bao gồm các dạng bài như: Opinion, Discussion, Advantage/ Disadvantage, Direct Question, Solutions.  Còn điểm khá biệt duy nhất là câu hỏi cho phần General Training thường dễ hơn và các chủ đề thường đơn giản hơn.

1.3. Tiêu chí chấm điểm IELTS Writing Task 2

- Task Response (25%): khả năng trả lời vấn đề bài thi đưa ra

- Conhenrence & Conhesion (25%): tính gắn kết và liền mạch của các câu và đoạn văn

- Vocabulary (25%): vốn từ vựng được sử dụng trong bài

- Grammar (25%): biết và sử dụng chính xác các cấu trúc ngữ pháp

1.4. Các bước viết bài chung

Bước 1: Phân tích đề

Đầu tiên, các bạn nên dành 1-2 phút để phân tích những yếu tố sau của đề bài:

- Keyword: Từ khóa trong đề bài

- Micro-keyword: Từ khó nhỏ hơn trong đề bài 

- Instruction word: Từ khoá chỉ yêu cầu, hướng dẫn của đề bài

Bước 2: Lập dàn ý

Tiếp theo, các bạn nên dành 5-10 phút lập dàn ý cho bài viết của mình. Cách này sẽ giúp các bạn tiết kiệm thời gian làm bài thi và khiến bạn mắc ít lỗi sai hơn khi làm bài bởi bạn đã có đầy đủ ý của bài viết ngay từ đầu, và bạn có thể tập trung hơn vào từ vựng cũng như cấu trúc ngữ pháp.

Bước 3: Viết Introduction 

Phần mở đầu của đề bài luôn luôn có hai yếu tố sau:

- Background Sentence (Giới thiệu chủ đề của bài viết): Trong phần này, chúng ta sẽ paraphrase lại đề bài bằng cách thay đổi từ vựng hoặc thay đổi cấu trúc ngữ pháp

- Câu thứ 2 trong phần mở bài sẽ tập trung thẳng vào vấn đề để trả lời câu hỏi ở đề bài và nên có các câu dẫn như: “In my opinion”, “I believe that”, hoặc “In my view”

Bước 4: Viết thân bài

Thông thường hai đoạn thân bài thường được viết bao gồm những ý sau:

- Topic sentence: Câu chủ đề

- Explanation: Giải thích

- Example: Ví dụ cụ thể 

Bước 5: Viết Conclusion

Kết bài có nhiệm vụ nhắc lại câu trả lời cho câu hỏi của đề bài. Không nên đưa ra các thông tin mà đề bài không yêu cầu như giải pháp, dự báo,...  Những cụm từ báo hiệu kết luận: In conclusion, In sum, To sum up,  To summarize,  All in all, In a nut shell,  In short,

2. Tổng hợp Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 band 6 của thầy Simon

2.1. Đề bài: Some people believe that children should be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven year old. Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Which suitable age children should start their education at school is a controversial issue. While I understand that children staying at home until the age of six or seven bring several benefit, I strongly believe that they should go to school at the earliest.

On one hand, staying at home until reaching six or seven brings children some advantages. Firstly, children obtained home education before attending to grade one might have a better background than other pupils. This is because their parents allow them to spend their daily time to teach their son or daughter one by one. Another advantage is that this group of children might have more confident comparing with pupils going to class soon. They are mature, so they could have a stronger mental and physical health.

On the other hand, there are two main reasons parents should bring their children to school as soon as possible. First of all, children leaving their family soon have to learn the way adapting with new environment. Schooling environment give them more opportunity to make friends, be familiar with classes and lessons soon. Consequently, they are able to improve their social relationship and many helpful skills. For example, they can learn how to perform alone or with friends, and participate in various healthy activities at school. Secondly, parents can save time in taking care of children, so they are able to acquire a more flexible schedule for their job. As a result, they could ensure their income and cover their life.

In conclusion, I firmly argue that the benefit of children going to school as soon as possible outweigh that of staying at home until they reach the age of six or seven.

2.2. Đề bài: Each year the crime rate increases. what are the causes of crime and what could be done to prevent this in criminal activity?

Nowadays, It has been observed that crimes are rais annually. In the following essay I will discuss some of the biggest causes associated with high crime rate before suggesting possible solutions. 

The main reason related to the crime rate is take drugs such as marijuana and heroin. It is known that drugs control a person and make him act out of his control, so he tends to violence and murder. Another reason that needs to be considered, parents divorce may disrupt the psychological stability of children, and they grow up to violence and crime because of their loss of family containment. In addition, socializing with bad friends may would leed to misdeed. What is more, social media would be one of the reasons to increase violence.

In my opinion, the best way to overcome criminality is to provide a supportive environment for young people for example sports clubs and cultural clubs. Therefore, community activities increase the value of people and give them complete satisfaction with their lives. Another factor to consider is that encouraging the community to volunteer in the service of people. For instance, volunteering in a nursing home, to clarify that volunteer work helps in the refinement of personality. Finally, applying severe penalties to perpetrators of crimes helps reduce the crime rate, because this limits the spread of crime.

In conclusion, because illegal activities have increased each year, It is necessary to know the main reasons such as drugs and family destruction. Furthermore, find quick solutions such as activating collective activities and encouraging volunteering.

2.3. Đề bài: Nowadays, many medical research projects are funded by private companies. In your opinion, do you think that research should be carried by private companies, individuals or government? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

It is undeniable that scientific research is imperative for a country’s development in this modern world. However, it is equally important to have a control in place as to who can carry out such research. To a larger extent, I agree that the government should have an upper hand when it comes to undertaking scientific research as they tend to be more people-driven.

There are various reasons why it is pivotal to have government-run research projects. To begin with, when research is carried out by the government, the motive behind is always people-driven and not money-oriented. As a result, there is more transparency in the process and the need to invest in a quality research that benefits the general public also increases.

Furthermore, a government is borne to be more responsible and has complete accountability when it comes to investing public money in such research.

In contrast, private organizations are not people-oriented and they tend to invest in research projects that are more profitable. In addition, when the funding comes from the same organization, the results could also be biased to ensure there is a favourable outcome to the funding institution. For example, companies that produce medicinal drugs are legally obliged to go through rigorous trials, which may take several years to complete. As private companies invest a lump sum of money in such studies, it is impractical for them to wait for a longer tenure to attain the expected results. Hence, there is a higher probability of the quality being compromised to make the research successful.

In conclusion, carrying out and controlling scientific research is a contentious issue as transparency and openness are pivotal for a quality research. Undoubtedly, this is only possible if done by a non-profit organization like the government.

2.4. Đề bài: These days many of us prefer to throw damaged things away whereas in past people used to repair damaged items and keep them for a long time. Explain why you think this change has happened? What are the effects of this change in attitude?

It is a fact that nowadays public do not try to fix  broken things. There are several reasons for this situation and there are few impacts of this also. Both causes and effects will be discussed further.

Examining the reason for crowd do not prefer to repair damaged things, the most common one is they can replace the old  with a new piece is quite cheaper than to fix it. This is because in this technological era everything becomes more complicated and costly as it uses advanced technology. For example, a mobile display got damaged and you want to get replaced that cost the same as the new phone nowadays, so, people prefer to buy a new one rather than spending on old ones.Furthermore, technology is improving day by day. This mean and product that you bought yesterday will be not the same tomorrow and that resist a person to invest money in the old one.

The mentioned causes have some impacts too. The foremost effect is a recycling of old products could not be possible as a person do not want to use that further. Furthermore, plastic bags that are in used for conveyance  not get recycled then it will damage the environment of the world.

To conclude, it can be finally commented that there are many causes of not to reuse items such as the weird attitude of people and always want to have new things, which has bad impacts that are mainly related to the environment as well as lives.

2.5. Đề bài: Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

The idea of some part of the society is to educate young children separately in schools depending on their gender. But the other part of the society has the opposite view of this opinion. However, I agreed with the statement that young students should educate in a mixed school rather than sending them into two separate schools.

If you consider, having separate education centers for girls and boys there are some advantages such as streamlining the school curriculum system entirely based on gender. The school can focus on subjects which will be more useful for the girls such as aesthetic, science and ladies sports while boys schools can be more focused on engineering subjects and sports for boys. In Sri Lanka, we could vigorously see this separation since the curriculum system has been taken into consideration as girls’ colleges and boys’ colleges,  also there is a clear difference of subject areas that are been taught in those schools.

However, I enormously believe that the concept of having mixed schools is better because it is not recommended to teach the subjects on a gender basis. Besides, separating the students at a too young age may lessen the opportunities to get to know better each other and how differs their behaviors. As a result, when they grow they do not feel comfortable dealing with each other and it starts to see them as strangers which can potentially turn down the well-being of society. Therefore, the most developed countries do not follow this separation of the schools and the majority of the schools are established as mixed ones. 

Hence, in the inclusion, I would state both educational patterns have their own pros and cons. However, in my perception, I would prefer to have mixed schools since it is so vital to have a balanced society.

Bài viết trên hy vọng cung cấp đầy đủ thông tin cho bạn về Cách viết IELTS Writing Task 2 band 6. IELTS 24h tổng hợp bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 band 6 từ thầy Simon.