Culture là một trong những chủ đề rất quen thuộc trong các bài thi IELTS Speaking Part 3. Để giúp các bạn dễ dàng hơn trong việc ôn luyện, chúng tôi đã tổng hợp một số từ vựng và câu hỏi hay gặp liên quan đến chủ đề này. Mong rằng bài viết dưới đây sẽ giúp ích cho các bạn!

1. Từ vựng về Culture 

cultural diversity: sự đa dạng văn hóa

cultural identity: bản sắc văn hóa

cultural assimilation: sự đồng hóa văn hóa

culture shock: sốc văn hóa

to abandon one’s own culture: từ bỏ văn hóa của ai đó

traditional beliefs and customs: các phong tục và niềm tin truyền thống

to adopt a new culture: theo một nền văn hóa mới

to be in danger of extinction: đứng trước nguy cơ tuyệt chủng

to experience great culture shock: trải qua cú sốc văn hóa lớn

to bring a wide range of benefits to…: mang lại nhiều lợi ích cho…

to have a negative/detrimental impact on…: có tác động tiêu cực lên…

to get deeper insight into…: có được cái nhìn sâu sắc hơn về…

to show great respect for…: thể hiện sự tôn trọng ai đó/điều gì đó

the growing influence of western culture: sự ảnh hưởng ngày càng tăng của văn hóa phương Tây

the disapearance of some minority languages: sự biến mất của 1 số ngôn ngữ thiểu số

a multicultural society: một xã hội đa văn hóa

people of different cultural backgrounds: người thuộc các nền văn hóa khác nhau

 tension and conflict:căng thẳng và xung đột

to instil cultural and traditional values into somebody: thấm nhuần các giá trị truyền thống và văn hóa vào ai đó

the loss of traditional cultures = the disapearance of traditional ways of life: sự mất đi các văn hóa truyền thống

2. Các câu hỏi thường gặp về Culture 

Do you think it’s important to know about other cultures?

I think it's very important to learn about other cultures. Not only will you find things interesting, but it will also make it easier for you to interact with native speakers if you've ever interacted with them. Also, it makes doing business with those cultures a lot easier. It is important to be educated about the world and not just withdraw into your own country.

How can we benefit from learning about other cultures?

Some of the ways that people can benefit from other cultures are in business, personal relationships, and in self-improvement. In business, it's important to know a little about whatever culture you plan to work in.

For example, in Muslim cultures, shaking hands with the left hand is considered extremely rude. If you don't know it, it could hurt your business opportunities. Also, it's important to simply improve yourself by learning as much as you can about different cultures.

What do you think is the best way to learn about another culture?

Obviously the best way to learn about a culture is to go there and experience it. If you can feel the culture with your own eyes, it will be a lot easier for you to accept everything. But I think you can also learn a lot about other cultures by reading books about them. Reading about people's experiences in foreign lands is a wonderful thing.

Do you think that learning foreign languages can help us understand foreign cultures?

I'm not sure that just learning a language is a good way to learn about a culture, but most places where you learn a language will help you learn about the culture indirectly. However, language alone is not enough to fully understand culture.

For example, German is a really harsh language, but Germans are not harsh people. You really need to learn more than the language if you want to learn a culture.

Do you think it’s better to go overseas to study a foreign language or to study it in your home country?

I think it is better to learn a language in its native country. When you do that, you are engulfed in the language and forced to expose it outside of the classroom. Otherwise, your only exposure to the language is while you are learning it. I know in advance that when learning a foreign language at home, it is easy to forget what you have learned.

What is your understanding of the term “globalization”?

In my opinion, globalization is the idea that the world is getting smaller, so societies can interact and exchange cultures more easily and efficiently. Unfortunately, because some countries are richer and more influential, their cultures are more widely spread than others.

However, on the whole, globalization is a good thing because it is not the only culture that is spread, but things like information and medicine can help people.

Do you think globalization is a good thing?

Yes, globalization has its problems, but for the most part, it's good for most of the people involved. Some people have different opinions because they are really concerned about the loss of culture, but for me, the benefits outweigh the drawbacks.

People have access to more information, so diseases can be treated better, food can be produced more efficiently, and goods are readily available that make people's lives easier.

Do you think it’s easier to learn about other cultures today than it was before?

Yes, of course yes. All you have to do is look at ancient art, about foreign cultures, and you can see how ignorant people are. Today, with the Internet and the number of books available, it is almost impossible to be without knowledge. It's easy to learn about anything you want.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!