Chắc hẳn khi nói đến IELTS Speaking Part 3 thì một trong những chủ đề hay gặp và quen thuộc nhất chính là Family. Vậy bạn đã nắm được hết những từ vựng quan trọng và cần thiết liên quan đến chủ đề này chưa? Nếu chưa, hãy để chúng tôi giúp các bạn nhé!

1. Từ vựng về Family

- Nuclear family (n): Gia đình “hạt nhân”, chỉ bao gồm cha mẹ và 1/ 2 con

- To get along well (v): Hoà thuận, hoà hợp tính cách với nhau

- To have a lot on one’s plate (v): Rất bận rộn, có nhiều việc phải làm

- Quality time (n): Thời gian dành cho gia đình, bạn bè,…

- To give up on something (n): từ bỏ điều gì

- Well-being (n): trạng thái khoẻ mạnh, hạnh phúc

- Arena (n): Sân vận động, trường đấu

- To bring someone closer (v): Khiến ai đó xích lại gần mình

- Financial support (n): sự trợ giúp về mặt kinh tế

- Emotional support (n): Sự trợ giúp về mặt tinh thần, cảm xúc

- Phases of life (n): Các giai đoạn của cuộc đời

- To break the bond (v): Cắt đứt mối quan hệ 

- To have a tendency to do something = To tend to do something (v): Có xu hướng làm gì đó

- Sentimental values (n): các giá trị về tinh thần

- To keep something going (v): Duy trì, kéo dài việc gì đó

- To see eye to eye (n): Ăn ý, hiểu nhau chỉ bằng ánh mắt

- Be left out (adj): Bị gạt ra một bên, lạc lõng trong đám đông

- The life of the party (n): Người nổi bật nhất, luôn là tâm điểm của mọi ánh nhìn

- Fair-weather friends (n): Những người bạn giả tạo, chỉ khi thuận lợi mới tìm đến mình

- Circle (như Social Circle) (n): Vòng tròn xã hội (nhóm xã hội mà mình tham gia)

- Hectic (adj): (lịch trình) dày đặc, kín, cực kì áp lực và bận rộn

- To catch up with someone (v): Tìm ra ai, gặp gỡ ai sau một thời gian

- Extrovert (n): Người hướng ngoại

- To stand something/ someone (v): Chịu đựng điều gì/ ai đó

- To pull jokes on someone (v): Kể chuyện khiến ai đó cười

- To crack someone up (v): Làm ai đó cười phá lên

- To feel down (v): Cảm thấy buồn chán

- To have a whale of a time = To have a lot of fun (v): Cảm thấy rất vui 

- Ups and downs (n): Những thăng trầm, vui buồn trong cuộc sống

- Dull (adj): Buồn chán, tẻ nhạt

- Irreplaceable (adj): Không thể thay thế được

- Supportiveness (n): Tính hay giúp đỡ 

- Sincerity (n): Sự thành thật

- Confidant (n): Tri kỷ, người có thể tâm sự được

- To stand by one’s side (v): Ở bên cạnh ai đó

- Thick and thin (n): Những thăng trầm, vui buồn trong cuộc sống

2. Các câu hỏi thường gặp về Family

Is family important in your country?

Yes, in my country people always believe that family comes first and they put their family first. They will do anything for the family and I am proud that the family bond in my country is quite strong.

How has the size of the family changed in the last few decades in your country?

I have heard that my grandfather had a large family and people at that time used to live together as blood relatives. As far as I know, their ancestors also live in a common family and the number of family members is sometimes more than twenty. However, the trend of living in extended families has changed significantly in cities. The villages in my country still have large families living together, but the number is gradually shrinking.

How do you think the family will change in the future?

I think many people will have a nuclear family and the size of the family will be smaller in the future. Currently most adults do not want more than two children and they will probably consider a one-child policy in the distant future. The fact that a man marries a woman and has their own children to get married is being challenged by the concept of same-sex marriage and this trend will increase in the future.

What role do grandparents play in the family in your country?

Grandparents have always played a very important role in a family. They maintain family balance by nurturing old traditions and values and teaching future generations how to stick with their roots. With the increasing number of both parents working, grandparents will be ordinary people babysitting often.

They often advise the rest of the family to spend time regarding family matters because they have more experience and so their advice often helps us avoid making bad decisions. In other words, they are like trusted mentors.

Who do you think should be responsible for the care of the elderly, the family or the government?

I believe that families have a primary responsibility to take care of their elderly family members. These elderly people have sacrificed a lot during their life to form a family and then to make them happy. Young family members should do everything in their power to accompany their older members and provide for their needs.

Besides, the government also has some responsibilities. These older members were once taxpayers and therefore they deserve the state's healthcare, entertainment and other services.

Why is the number of joint families decreasing in modern time?

Today, the busy and competitive city-centred life has reduced the concept of a shared family and created a nuclear family. Besides the effects of urbanization, inflation is increasing, our feelings are gradually leaning towards the material life and less towards the traditions.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!