Work-Life balance là một trong những chủ đề khá khó trong IELTS Speaking Part 3 vì nó đòi hỏi bạn phải có chính kiến của riêng mình và lựa chọn câu trả lời sao cho phù hợp nhưng vẫn phải thuyết phục được giám khảo. Chính vì vậy, bài viết dưới đây chính là bước đệm giúp các bạn tự tin hơn khi gặp phải chủ đề này trong phòng thi.

1. Từ vựng về Work-Life balance

Vocabulary

Phonetic

Meaning

do an internship

/dəʊ ən ˈɪntəːnʃɪp/

đi thực tập

design boutique

/dɪˈzʌɪn buːˈtiːk/

hãng thời trang thiết kế

handle

/ˈhand(ə)l/

làm việc với

value

/ˈvaljuː/

định giá

in the works

/ɪn ðə wəːks/

đang trong quá trình thực hiện

launch

/lɔːn(t)ʃ/

ra mắt

crucial

/ˈkruːʃ(ə)l/

thiết yếu, cốt lõi

the ground floor

/ðə ɡraʊnd flɔː/

(làm lại) từ đầu

brainstorm

/ˈbreɪnstɔːm/

động não

double back

/ˈdʌb(ə)l bak/

(đọc) lại hai lần

clarity

/ˈklarɪti/

sự rõ ràng

pitch

/pɪtʃ/

trình bày (ý tưởng)

Incorporate

/ɪnˈkɔːpəreɪt/

tích hợp, kết hợp

modification

/ˌmɒdɪfɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/

sự thay đổi

over the moon

/ˈəʊvə ðə muːn/

vô cùng vui sướng

ingenuity

/ˌɪndʒɪˈnjuːɪti/

bản chất

2. Các câu hỏi thường gặp về Work-Life balance

What kinds of jobs do young people not want to do in your country?

In my country, we almost always have a big problem of unemployment among young people. Rather, there are not too many jobs that they want to do, especially manual jobs, requiring a lot of labor such as waiters or jobs that require perseverance and longer learning and training time such as doctors, engineers, etc. They also don't like being primary school teachers because they require a lot of patience.

Who is best at advising young people about choosing a job: teachers or parents?

In my opinion, the best teachers should advise young people about choosing a job mainly because they are often the ones who work tirelessly at schools and colleges to unlock potential of young people.

In addition, by continuously interacting with students in the classroom, teachers themselves will be better positioned to identify the skills and expertise of young people and thereby guide them in their choices. Choose a career that's right for you.

Is money always the most important thing when choosing a job?

No, I don't really think money is always the most important thing. When we choose a job, money can be the means by which we live, but it does not always buy happiness or job satisfaction.

Besides, if I get paid a lot, but what I do as work is not considered important, then chances are I won't be able and don't want to reach my full potential. Money is an important thing for us to do a job but I don't believe it is the most important aspect of a job.

Do you agree that many people nowadays are under pressure to work longer hours and take less holiday?

Yes, many people are really under great pressure these days to work longer hours and enjoy fewer days off mainly because most of them are struggling to keep up with the cost of living. skyrocketed. Some people are even pressured to work overtime because they are simply being exploited by their employers.

While there is another group of people who are under pressure to work longer hours because they want to fulfill their additional needs so that they can enjoy a more comfortable and luxurious life.

What is the impact on society of people having a poor work-life balance?

In a society where people work too much, there will not be enough people responsible to develop the country to its full potential. Working too much will not have enough opportunities to relax with family and friends, everyone in society will experience a period of mental depression, which in turn leads to less productive and less productive work.

On the other hand, if people in a society sit still for too long, the whole society will be negatively affected by crime and other antisocial activities.

Could you recommend some effective strategies for governments and employers to ensure people have a good work-life balance?

There are a few things that governments and employers can do to ensure a good work-life balance for employees. First, employers can be flexible with work schedules whenever possible, so that employees can have some time to spend with family and friends between work hours. Employers can also allow some unpaid time off so their employees can attend some fun and family events.

For governments, they can create awareness by using different media to highlight the benefits of a good work-life balance. Governments can also arrange an annual award selection for companies/employees that actively work to promote work-life balance among their employees.

Hẹn gặp lại các bạn ở những bài học tiếp theo!