1. Từ vựng IELTS Writing Task 2 topic Criminal

criminals = offenders = people who commit a crime = people who commit an offence = people who engage in criminal activities = people who take part in illegal acts: người phạm tội/ tham gia vào các hoạt động phạm tội;

minor crime = lesser crime = petty crime: tội nhẹ, không nghiêm trọng;

major crime = serious crime: tội nặng, nghiêm trọng;

impose stricter punishments on… = impose heavier sentences on…: áp đặt mức phạt nặng nề hơn lên… ;

receive capital punishment = receive the death penalty = receive a death sentence = face execution: lãnh án tử hình;

receive prison sentences = be sent to prison = be put in prison: lãnh án tù, bị đi tù;

face life imprisonment = serve a life sentence: lãnh án tù chung thân;

reoffend = commit crimes again = continue to commit crime after being punished: tái phạm;

juvenile crimes = juvenile delinquency = juvenile offending = youth crimes = crimes among young adults: tội phạm vị thành viên;

pose a serious threat to society = threaten the safety of society = put society in danger: gây ra mối nguy hiểm cho xã hội/ đe dọa sự an toàn của xã hội;

tackle = solve = address = deal with = combat: giải quyết;

solution = approach = measure: giải pháp;

prevent somebody from… = deter somebody from: ngăn chặn ai đó khỏi….;

crime rates = crime levels: tỷ lệ/mức độ tội phạm;

be given the chance to… = be given the opportunity to…: được trao cơ hội làm gì;

urgent problem = pressing problem = grave problem: vấn đề khẩn cấp/nghiêm trọng;

the increased use of drugs and alcohol = alcohol and drug abuse: việc lạm dụng chất kích thích;

turn to illegal acts to generate income = commit crimes to earn money: phạm tội để kiếm tiền;

the major/primary/principal cause of… = the major/primary/principal reason for…: nguyên nhân chính gây ra vấn đề gì;

raise awareness of crime prevention = promote crime prevention programs: nâng cao ý thức về việc ngăn chặn tội phạm/ đẩy mạnh các chương trình ngăn chặn tội phạm

2. Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 topic Criminal

Crime is a big problem in the world; many believe that nothing can be done to prevent it. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give your own opinion.

Undoubtedly, crime is one of the most pervasive and disturbing aspects of any society and its prevention should be taken seriously. Crime prevention can be accomplished in a variety of ways, firstly through a sustained honest presence in the community and secondly through international cooperation.

The local presence of integrity law enforcement agencies can be costly, but this long-term investment will pay off in the future. A safer region will encourage trade and investment and set a good example for younger generations. For example, crime rates have dropped dramatically in Favelas around Rio de Janiero in Brazil. This was achieved in large part through the government's pledge to provide large sums of money to police headquarters stationed in and around the slums. These financial expenditures have brought a lot of benefits to the community.

Second, the large-scale severity and global impact of crime in some regions of the world have promoted the role of global cooperation. Another solution would cause significant financial loss and render any expenditure useless. For example, Somali pirates in Africa have become the terror of many shipping companies in the region. Only through large-scale international cooperation can regional control be realized. Thus, reducing crime is possible through joint efforts between countries.

In conclusion, illegal activities are a costly and dangerous practice in today's global economy. However, large-scale government investment is an achievable goal to prevent this problem. In addition, allocating costs through international cooperation where resources are invested can be significantly more effective in reducing the effectiveness of crime abroad.

Prisons are an expensive way of making bad people worse. To what extent do you agree or disagree

In fact, there are many people who believe in the role of prisons. First, prison is a place of social defense against antisocial people. In short, it keeps people safe. Second, that prison punishes wrongdoers through the loss of their freedom. Third, it teaches the guilty convicts about their ways, so that when they are released they can return to their daily lives as law-abiding citizens.

However, there is growing evidence that prison is not always the best solution to the criminal problems we face. Some scientific studies have shown that prison is not nearly as beneficial to society as we imagine. First of all, the terrible conditions in most prisons mean that criminals rarely receive an active education. Instead, they spend time inside with other prisoners, who teach them the tricks of the trade. In addition, when they are released, it is very difficult for them to find work, so they often feel they have no choice but to reoffend. So it is true that they are more likely to re-offend when they are released than if they were not sent to prison in the first place.

We need to pay attention to the results of these studies. In fact, we can be a lot safer if we give criminals the ability to gain the practical skills they need to get jobs and live productive lives, rather than just locking them up. There is little evidence that prisons function properly.

Perhaps now is the time for us to make important decisions regarding our punishment system. At least we need to think more carefully, it can be a matter of life and death.

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