Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh lớp 10 được coi là tiền đề cho toàn bộ kiến thức ngữ pháp tiếng Anh của bậc THPT. Nó không chỉ đóng một vai trò quan trọng trong quá trình luyện thi đại học của các em học sinh mà còn là vốn tích lũy để sau này các em có thể vận dụng được vào thực tế. Sau đây là tổng hợp bài tập ngữ pháp lớp 10 và đáp án để các em tham khảo. 

1. Chọn đáp án có sự khác biệt với các đáp án khác

Bài 1: Chọn từ có phần gạch chân khác với những từ khác

1: A. benefit    B. winner    C. extended    D. gender

2: A. chore     B. grocery    C. household     D. control

3: A. financial    B. benefit    C. critical     D. contribute

4: A. heavy     B. breadwinner    C. pear     D. weather

5: A. burden    B. homemaker    C. grocery    D. equal

6: A. lifting    B. iron    C. family    D. responsibility

7: A. nurture    B. extended    C. lifting    D. critical

Bài 2. Chọn từ có mẫu trọng âm khác với những từ khác

8: A. equal    B. extend    C. gender    D. heavy 

9: A. financial    B. convergence    C. family    D. contribute

10: A. parent    B. burden    C. iron    D. nuclear

11: A. nuture    B. laundry    C. confide    D. finance

12: A. benefit     B. contribute    C. enormous    D. financial

13: A. breadwinner    B. heavy    C. household    D. conduct

14: A. laundry    B. extended    C. equal    D. nurture

15: A. grocery    B. convergence    C. critical    D. parenting

2. TRUE or FALSE?

I’m Brian. I belong to a middle class family. There are six members in my family. They are our parents, grandparents, I and my younger sister. Our grandfather is the head of the family. He enjoys a commanding position. His decision is final in family matters. Nobody can dare to go against him. Everybody respects him. He is the guardian of the family. He is a cool and considerate man. He is just and fair. His decision is never influenced by any other. He is a retired teacher. He helps us in our study. Our grandmother tells good stories.

My father is a police officer. He is a great disciplinarian. He is sincere and hardworking. He always goes to office in time. My mother is a simple housewife. She is a postgraduate in English. She is soft-natured and caring. She takes great care of us. She does not care for her comfort for us. She looks after our grandparents. She helps the poor and the needy. She is religious and God-fearing.

Our family has been known for discipline and values. We give great importance to values and morals in life. Since our early childhood, we are taught to respect the elders and love the children. We learnt the lesson of punctuality and honesty from our grandfather. It is due to the good education of our grandparents that we could excel both in sports and education. Since our childhood we have been put into the habit of rising early in the morning. This has a natural effect on our health and physical fitness.

Our family is like a heaven. There is peace, prosperity, love and care. The younger’s have regard and respect for the elders while the elders shower them with their love and affection. The instructions of the elders are followed with great respect. If a member has some problem the whole family is beside him. I am proud of my family.

1: Brian’s family has six people.

A. True     B. False

2: His father’s decision is the most important in his family.

A. True     B. False

3: His grandfather’s decisions can be affected by grandmother’s opinions.

A. True     B. False

4: His father is disciplined.

A. True     B. False

5: His mother is gentle and considerate.

A. True     B. False

6: His grandfather taught him how to be on time and honest.

A. True     B. False

7: He doesn’t get used to getting up early in the morning.

A. True     B. False

8: Family members have mutual respects within the family.

A. True     B. False

9: Every members tries to solve their own problems.

A. True     B. False

10: Brian love his family.

A. True     B. False

3. Chọn đáp án đúng để hoàn thành câu hoặc đoạn văn dưới đây

Bài 1: Chọn đáp án đúng để thành câu hoàn chỉnh

1: Sam didn't get much formal _______.

A. school    B. schooling

C. schooldays    D. schoolgirl

2: All her life she had a _______ trust in other people.

A. child    B. childlike

C. childish    D. childless

3: My father is the __________ of my family and my mother is the homemaker.

A. breadwinner    B. finance

C. household    D. nurture

4: He is having a lot of difficulties, ___________?

A. doesn’t it    B. isn’t it

C. isn’t he    D. doesn’t he

5: Both men and women should __________ responsibility for equal shared parenting.

A. have     B. get

C. hold     D. take

6: We wish _______ to college next year.

A. go    B. to go

C. going    D. shall go

7: An __________ family is a family with more than two generation living together under the same roof.

A. nuclear     B. happy

C. extended     D. shared

8: He suggests _______ to France this summer time.

A. travel    B. to travel

C. travelling    D. traveled

9: Despite _________ burden, his mother tried to raise him by herself.

A. finances    B. financial

C. financially    D. finance

10: We would love _______ three cups of coffee.

A. have    B. to have

C. having    D. had

11: I don’t know how to _______ the laundry or iron clothes.

A. do     B. make

C. have     D. look

12: ___________he is tired, he can’t work longer.

A. Because     B. Even though

C. Although     D. Besides

13: His idea contributes a lot ________ our project.

A. in     B. of

C. with     D. to

14: When he was a boy, he was always willing to join in a ________ of football.

A. match     B. play

C. game     D. group

15: __________ in Shanghai than in any other city in China.

A. More people live

B. More people living

C. It has more people

D. More living people

Bài 2: Chọn đáp án đúng để hoàn thành đoạn văn 

Home is place where I feel heaven and my parents are the reason __________ (11) it. We, as a family have spent the best times of life. Only when we are at home, we feel happy. Both my father __________ (12) mother are working. __________ (13), we find time to share our daily experiences. My mother __________ (14) extra care to prepare the most delicious food I like and she is my best friend. My father has always been my best companion and I would say he is my mentor. Without my parents, I __________ (15) what I am today. I love my parents very much and we always wish to be the lovable family as we are now, ever.

1: A. in     B. for     C. of     D. on

2: A. and    B. or    C. but     D. so

3: A. Although    B. However    C. Because    D. Therefore

4: A. dos     B. gets    C. has    D. takes

5:

A. would have not been

B. would not have been

C. would been have not

D. would been not have

4. Viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh

1: When/ we/ go/ back/ the bookstore, we/ buy/ book/ we/ wanted.

A. When we go back to the bookstore, we will buy the book we wanted.

B. When we will go back to the bookstore, we buy the book we wanted.

C. When we go back to the bookstore, we buy the book we wanted.

D. When we will go back to the bookstore, we will buy the book we wanted.

2: The workers/ stopped/ work/ take/ a rest/ because/ they/ felt/ tired.

A. The workers stopped work to take a rest because they felt tired.

B. The workers stopped to working take a rest because they felt tired.

C. The workers stopped working to take a rest because they felt tired.

D. The workers stopped to work taking a rest because they felt tired.

3: Napoleon/ attack/ the/ West Indian island/ of/ Santo Domingo/ 1801.

A. Napoleon attacks the West Indian island of Santo Domingo in 1801.

B. Napoleon attacking the West Indian island of Santo Domingo on 1801.

C. Napoleon attacked the West Indian island of Santo Domingo in 1801.

D. Napoleon attack the West Indian island of Santo Domingo on 1801.

4: Family/ play/ important/ role/ everyone’s life.

A. Family plays an important role in everyone’s life.

B. Family plays the important role on everyone’s life.

C. Family plays the important role in everyone’s life.

D. Family plays an important role on everyone’s life.

5: Both/ parents/ should/ take/ responsibility/ child raising.

A. Both parents should take responsibility about child raising.

B. Both parents should take responsibility for child raising.

C. Both parents should take responsibility of child raising.

D. Both parents should take responsibility with child raising.

5. Sắp xếp thành câu có nghĩa

1: What/ can/ to/ you/ parents/ do/ a/ hand/ give/ with/ your/ the housework?

A. What you can do to give your parents a hand with the housework?

B. What do you can to give your parents a hand with the housework?

C. What do you can give to your parents a hand with the housework?

D. What can you do to give your parents a hand with the housework?

2: I/ when/ mother/ usually/ in/ having/ my/ confide/ problems.

A. I usually confide my mother in when having problems.

B. I usually confide when having problems in my mother.

C. I usually confide in when my mother having problems.

D. I usually confide in my mother when having problems.

3: At/ moment/ the, we/ a/ reading/ novel/ are.

A. At the moment, we are reading a novel.

B. At the moment, we are a novel reading.

C. At moment the, we are reading a novel.

D. At the moment, we reading are a novel.

4: They/ Anna's/ telling/ new/ us/ are/ boyfriend/ about.

A. They Anna's new boyfriend are telling us about.

B. They are telling us about Anna's new boyfriend.

C. They are about telling us Anna's new boyfriend.

D. They are telling us about new Anna's boyfriend.

5: He was so lazy that he never washed his clothes by himself.

A. He was lazy so that he never washed his clothes by himself.

B. He was so lazy that he never washed his clothes by himself.

C. He never washed his clothes by himself that he was so lazy.

D. He was never so lazy that he washed his clothes by himself.

6. Viết lại các câu sau nhưng không làm thay đổi nghĩa

1: It is earth's gravity that gives people their weight.

A. People have weight because gravity.

B. People have weight thanks to gravity.

C. People have weight despite gravity.

D. People have weight in view to gravity.

2: He took a taxi so that he wouldn't be late.

A. In order to be late, he took a taxi.

B. To be late, he took a taxi.

C. In order not to be late, he took a taxi.

D. So as to be late, he took a taxi.

3: If he doesn’t come to the theater with me, I shall go alone.

A. I shall go alone unless he comes to the theater with me.

B. I shall go alone in case he comes to the theater with me.

C. I shall go alone without he comes to the theater with me.

D. I shall go alone if he comes to the theater with me.

4: He didn’t answer the questions correctly despite his intelligence.

A. Because he is intelligent, he didn’t answer the questions correctly.

B. Although he is intelligent, he didn’t answer the questions correctly.

C. In spite he is intelligent, he didn’t answer the questions correctly.

D. Instead he is intelligent, he didn’t answer the questions correctly.

5: There are 5 people in my family.

A. My family has 5 people.

B. Five people is too many.

C. There live 5 people in my family.

D. In my family has 5 people.

7. Đáp án

Chọn từ có phần gạch chân khác với những từ khác

1: B

2: A

3: A

4: C

5: D

6: B

7: A

Chọn từ có mẫu trọng âm khác với những từ khác

8: B

9: C

10: D

11: C

12: A

13: D

14: B

15: B

TRUE or FALSE?

1: A

2: B

3: B

4: A

5: A

6: A

7: B

8: A

9: B

10: A

Đáp án các bài tập phía sau các em học sinh có thể tham khảo thêm trong SGK tiếng Anh lớp 10. Hẹn gặp lại các em ở các bài học tiếp theo!